How to Clean the Ruger 10/22 Rifle – Tips & Guide

Maintenance plays a vital role in the performance of the firearm. Having a premium rifle with good maintenance will ensure incredible shooting performance on the field without any stuck. 

Even many soldiers spend their time on cleaning the firearms properly. Any people can disappoint when their premium firearms jam while shooting the targets due to poor maintenance. 

If you’re a Ruger 10/22 owner and don’t know how to clean that properly, we’re here for you to help. 

In this article, we’ll describe the important tips that you should do for keeping your Ruger 10/22 rifle in a good condition. Let’s start the guide.

Why Should You Clean Your Ruger 10/22 Rifle

Cleaning the firearm is very important to get an accurate and high-quality performance on the field. 

The rifle with poor maintenance gets rust or corrosion and misfire during shooting applications. 

Maintaining your Ruger 10/22 rifle proper clean improves its performance and extends its lifetime.

When to Clean the Ruger 10/22 Rifle

Everyone has a different opinion about cleaning the Ruger 10/22 rifle according to their needs. 

The military experts recommend cleaning the Ruger 10/22 rifle every day if you have enough time to disassemble the rifle and provide excellent polish. 

Some people recommend cleaning this every 500 rounds. It totally depends on the style of your shooting and the environment you’re using your rifle. 

If you want to make accurate shots using this Ruger 10/22, you can also make the rifle properly clean instead of investing in the best scope for Ruger 10/22. Before going for shooting, you have to make sure that the firearm is clean.

What you will Need to Clean the Ruger 10/22 Rifle

You can’t clean the rifle by just submerging that into the water and wipe. The professional way of cleaning a Ruger 10/22 rifle needs a proper cleaning kit which includes some cleaning products.

  • Screwdriver
  • Metal Cleaning Brush
  • Cleaning Solvent
  • Lubricating Oil
  • Cleaning rag
  • Soft wire brush
  • Aerosol Spray

These are the products that can be used for cleaning the Ruger 10/22 rifle. Moreover, the cleaning products may differ based on the method of cleaning you prefer. You should know what is required to clean your Ruger 10/22.

How to Clean a Ruger 10/22 Rifle – Important Tips and Techniques

Step 1: Prepare the Rifle and Surface for Cleaning

The first step is to set the rifle and place it so that you can disassemble the rifle and clean it properly and safely. After that, you have to gather all the cleaning materials that you need. 

Before disassembling the gun, it is crucial to check the magazine of your rifle is empty. It is also important to check the chamber is empty and after that, you can start the cleaning process.

Step 2: Disassemble the Rifle

The first thing that you have to do while disassembling the rifle is to remove the front band of the rifle and next, you should loosen the barrel and take off that.

Remove the pins from the trigger assembly that lets you easily disconnect the firearm easily. It separates the trigger assembly and bolt assembly so you can easily clean the parts.

Finally, remove the bolt and charging handle of the Ruger 10/22.

Step 3: Clean the Barrel and Receiver

The barrel is one of the parts that easily get dirt while using so it needs more time and attention to clean properly.

For this, you should have cleaning solvent, lubricating oil, cleaning rod, bore snake, rags, etc according to your preferences.

Put the cleaning solvent into the barrels, push the bore snake or brush through the barrel and slide them until it removes the dirt and becomes clean. Don’t pull the bore brush back via the barrel as it will damage or scratch the barrel.

After the barrel gets cleaned, use the cleaning patch with lubricating oil and slide that via the barrel until it gets lubricated.

Fore cleaning receiver, you have to use a soft wire brush. The combination of cleaning solvent and soft wire brush helps to loosen the grime and removes the dirt.

You have to put a soft pressure while cleaning the receiver as it can get damaged easily if you put aggressive pressure.

Cleaning the receiver and extractor channel helps to prevent the formation of rust.

Step 4: Clean Trigger and Bolt Assembly

It is very simple to clean the trigger assembly. Just coat the aerosol spray on the trigger assembly and let it to soak for a few minutes. 

After it soaked well, remove the dirt using cleaning swabs and wipe the entire trigger using the cleaning rag and let it to dry.

Cleaning the bolt assembly will help to improve the accuracy while making shots accurately. Use the soft wire brush by applying cleaning solvent to remove the dirt in the bolt assembly. After cleaning that, apply lubricating oil using cotton swabs.

Step 5: Clean the Magazine

Cleaning the magazine of the Ruger 10/22 rifle is very important for the lifetime of both the magazine and rifle. It is one of the simple parts that you clean in this rifle so you don’t need to remove anything for cleaning.

First, use a soft brush to remove the visible residue from it. Then use the cotton swabs by soaking in the cleaning solvent and removing the rest of the dirt in the magazine.

After that, take a dry cotton swab to remove the excess solvent in the magazine to make them dry.

When you finish cleaning, put a lubricating oil for good lubrication.

Step 6: Reassemble the Ruger 10/22 Rifle

Well, you know how to clean the Ruger 10/22 rifle properly and now you have to reassemble that. Following the same method when disassembling the rifle could be easy for you.

First, replace the receiver and bolt assembly by fixing the bolt stop pins to hold that in their places.

Then, you can place the trigger assembly to the receiver base and replace the pins. Put some lubricating oil on the barrel action preserve it.

After that, attach the barrel stock and front ring. Then, apply oil on the entire rifle to keep it away from rust.


Well, you know that how to clean the Ruger 10/22 Rifle. It is very easy if you have all the necessary materials that you need for cleaning. The important thing is that you have to understand how to assemble and disassemble the rifle while cleaning. Follow our tips and steps to clean your Ruger 10/22 easily. Check this guide when you have trouble cleaning this rifle.

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